汤山矿坑公园Tangshan Quarry Park

Nanjing/2019/400000 m²


Tangshan Quarry Park,a former abandoned stone mining site, demonstrates how strong landscape design could transform a human activity destination to the different purpose, and catalyze local community revitalization.The 40 hectares site is one-hour driving from Nanjing, at the south of Tangshan National Tourism Resort.Identified with threestunning scale of excavated craters, it could be visualized frommiles away. The original intention of the project was to coverup the excavation with Geo-slope protection and make the craters invisible.

Responding to the existing topography and hydrology, the site was regraded and transformed into a vibrant experimenting destination, including four different reused quarry sites, meadow field, playground and Sandie (Three Drops) Lake. Due to their distinctive geological features, each pit was introducedwith different functions: the far eastern side quarry is deep and concealed,which is positioned as a quiet and relaxing spa area belong to a hotel; the west side quarry is open and abroadthatperfectly functions for music festival and camping; the two middle craters are mostly visual significant, and become thenew perspectives exposed to the public. Moreover, hiking system has been taking into consideration based on safety, cost, maintenance, different type of experience and the sensitivity of ecology. The safety issue isone of the most important concern all the time.To eliminate future collapse anchoring devices of erosion controlis specialized by engineers and slope protection specialists.    


矿坑公园是张唐景观目前完成(部分建成)的尺度最大的一个项目,总设计范围有40公顷,由南京汤山温泉旅游管委会主导开发建设。场地距离南京约一小时车程,位于汤山国家旅游度假区内汤山山体南侧。在东南大学对汤山温泉小镇的新规划中,这里将成为吸引未来旅游度假人群的目的地之一。

景观设计通过梳理现场地形和水文,在已经被破坏的自然碎片基础上形成丰富的体验场所,包括四个不同景观功能的宕口(温泉酒店、攒子瀑、天空走廊、伴山营地),阡陌花涧、矿野拾趣与三叠湖,以及服务配套的餐厅茶室等。原有山体上的多个采石坑,互相独立并不相通。这个独特的条件允许各个采石坑可以有不同的功能定位:最东侧的宕口深而隐蔽被定位成静谧休闲的温泉酒店附属设施;最西侧的开阔宽广,被用于音乐节露营房车等热闹的公共开放场所;中间的两个宕口成为公园游览的体验区。经过地质专家综合评估,采石破坏的山体岩壁由于其特殊的地质特征,即使经过加固,也不能完全排除未来崩塌和落石等安全隐患。因此,我们对景观游览路线和方式进行了多种可能性研究,综合安全、造价、体验、生态等多个因素做出选择。